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Thermophysical Characteristics of Self-Assembled Ethanol/Polyalphaolefin Nanoemulsion Fluids

[+] Author Affiliations
J. J. Xu, X. Liu, B. Yang

University of Maryland, College Park, MD

Paper No. IMECE2009-12544, pp. 2023-2026; 4 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2009-12544
From:
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B and C
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4382-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

The strategy of adding solid particles to fluids for improving thermal conductivity has been pursued for more than one century. Here, a novel concept of using liquid nanodroplets for enhancing thermal performance has been developed and demonstrated in polyalphaolefin nanoemulsion fluids with dispersed ethanol nanodroplets. The ethanol/polyalphaolefin nanoemulsion fluids are spontaneously generated by self-assembly, and are thermodynamically stable. Their thermophysical properties, including thermal conductivity and viscosity, and impact on convective heat transfer are investigated experimentally. The thermal conductivity enhancement in these fluids is found to be moderate, but increases rapidly with increasing temperature in the measured temperature range from 35 oC to 75 oC. A very remarkable increase in convective heat transfer coefficient occurs in the nanoemulsion fluids due to the explosive vaporization of the ethanol nanodroplets at the superheat limit (i.e., spinodal states, about 122 oC higher than the atmospheric boiling point for ethanol). The explosive liquid-vapor phase transition is monitored using high speed camera. The fluid heat transfer could be augmented through the heat of vaporization (which intuitively raises the base fluid specific heat capacity) and the fluid mixing induced by the sound waves. The development of such phase-changeable nanoemulsion fluids would open a new direction for thermal fluids studies.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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