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A Basic Numerical Study of the Effect of a Hot Air Vent on the Heat Transfer Rate From a Cold Window

[+] Author Affiliations
Patrick H. Oosthuizen

Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada

Paper No. IMECE2009-12775, pp. 1963-1971; 9 pages
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B and C
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4382-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


In colder climates hot air vents are often mounted below a cold window to improve thermal comfort of the occupants. The presence of the vent alters the rate of convective heat transfer to the window and changes the air-flow pattern near the window and this has here been numerically studied. The situation considered in this study is an approximate model of most real situations. The window is represented by a plane isothermal section recessed into the wall, this window section being colder than the room air far from the window. The vent is assumed to be placed against the wall and to have a uniform discharge velocity which is normal to the vent surface. The vent has been assumed to be centrally located below the window. The flow has been assumed to be steady and both laminar and turbulent flows have been considered. The fluid properties have been assumed constant except for the density change with temperature that gives rise to the buoyancy forces, this being dealt with using the Boussinesq approach. The governing equations have solved using the commercial cfd code FLUENT, the k-epsilon turbulence model with buoyancy force effects fully accounted for having been used in the turbulent flow calculations. The solution has the following parameters: the Rayleigh number, the Reynolds number based on the vent discharge velocity, the dimensionless depth that the window is recessed, the dimensionless window-to-undisturbed-air temperature difference, the Prandtl number, the dimensionless width of the window, the dimensionless depth and width of the hot air vent, and the dimensionless vent discharge temperature-to-undisturbed-air temperature difference. Results have only been obtained for a Prandtl number of 0.7. The effects of the other dimensionless variables on the window Nusselt number and on the flow pattern and air temperature distribution near the window have been numerically determined.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME
Topics: Heat transfer , Vents



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