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Dynamics of Evaporation and Cooling of a Water Droplet During the Early Stage of Depressurization

[+] Author Affiliations
L. Liu

Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an; North China Electric Power University, Baoding, China

Q. C. Bi

Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, China

G. X. Wang

Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, China; The University of Akron, Akron, OH

Paper No. IMECE2009-12154, pp. 1777-1785; 9 pages
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B and C
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4382-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


This paper reports an experimental and numerical study of evaporation and cooling of a water droplet during the early stage of depressurization in a test vessel. During the experiment, a distilled water droplet was suspended on a thermocouple, which was also used to measure the droplet center temperature, and the droplet surface temperature was captured by an infrared thermograph. Experimental data indicated a large temperature difference within the droplet during the early stage of depressurization. A thermodynamic analysis of the experimental data found that the pressure reduction was not fast enough to induce liquid superheating and thus equilibrium evaporation was expected. A mathematical model was then constructed to simulate the droplet evaporation process. The model solves one-dimensional heat conduction equation for the temperature distribution inside the water droplet, with the convective heat transfer inside the droplet simplified through an effective conductivity factor. A simplified treatment was introduced to quantify the convective evaporation due to air movement and droplet swing induced by sudden opening of the electro-magnetic valve and the following air exiting. The model-predictions agree well with the measured temperature data, demonstrating the soundness of the present model.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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