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The Effect of Film Thickness on EHD-Driven Instability of Interface Separating Two Liquids

[+] Author Affiliations
Payam Sharifi, Asghar Esmaeeli

Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL

Paper No. IMECE2009-11800, pp. 1667-1672; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2009-11800
From:
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B and C
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4382-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

Most of the studies conducted so far on EHD-driven instability of superimposed fluids have been concerned with liquid layers of modest depths. In many applications, however, the liquid layers can be very thin. Since the dynamics in thin films is generally governed by lubrication equations rather than full Navier-Stokes equations, it is expected that the interface dynamics will be quite different from that of the liquids with modest depths. The objective of this study is to explore the effect of initial liquid thickness on the dynamics of the phase boundary. To do this end, we perform Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) using a front tracking/finite difference scheme, in conjunction with Taylor’s leaky dielectric model. For the physical parameters used here, it is shown that for sufficiently thick liquid layers, the interface instability leads to formation of liquid columns that merge together to form a big column. However, for thin layers, the interactions between the columns are weaker and lead to a short and a longer column that are connected by a thin liquid film.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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