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Effect of Microgrooved Surface and Surface Orientation on Spray Cooling Heat Transfer

[+] Author Affiliations
Dong-Fang Chen

Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; University of Maryland, College Park, MD

Da-Wei Tang, Xue-Gong Hu

Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

Paper No. IMECE2009-10497, pp. 1555-1561; 7 pages
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B and C
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4382-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


Experiments were performed to investigate the flow structure and boiling heat transfer characteristics of water spray cooling on flat and microgrooved surfaces using a high-speed camera and a microscope. The heaters were made of cooper, with surface size of 2.0cm×7.4cm. Three orientations of the heater surfaces were selected: horizontal upward-facing, vertical, and horizontal downward-facing. A full-cone spray nozzle was placed normal to these heated surfaces. The heat transfer was directly measured using thermocouples within the heater. The experimental results show the bubble’s growth, coalescence along/between microgrooves, and break-up as wall heat flux reaches some higher values. It was found that the heat transfer for microgrooved surface is generally higher than that of flat surface at a given flow rate with the same surface orientation. The thermal performance of vertical microgrooved surface was highest at low temperatures; the thermal performance of the horizontal upward-facing was highest at higher wall temperature. The heat transfer performance for the horizontal downward-facing microgrooved surface had the highest critical heat flux (CHF).

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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