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A Comparative Study of 4-Cable Planar Manipulators Based on Cylindrical Algebraic Decomposition

[+] Author Affiliations
Damien Chablat

Institut de Recherche en Communications et Cybernétique de Nantes, Nantes, France

Erika Ottaviano

University of Cassino, Cassino, FR, Italy

Guillaume Moroz

INRIA Nancy, LORIA, Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France

Paper No. DETC2011-47726, pp. 1253-1262; 10 pages
  • ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 6: 35th Mechanisms and Robotics Conference, Parts A and B
  • Washington, DC, USA, August 28–31, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5483-9
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


The aim of this paper is to present a systematic method for verifying the force-closure condition for general 3-DOF fully-constrained cable manipulators with four cables as based on the CAD (Cylindrical Algebraic Decomposition). A fundamental requirement for a cable manipulator to be fully controllable is that all its cables must be in tension at any working configurations. In other words, all the cable forces must be positive (assuming a positive cable force representing a tension and a negative cable force being a compression). Such a force feasibility problem is indeed referred to a force-closure problem (also called vector-closure problem assuming that the vectors of interest are the row vectors of the Jacobian matrix of the manipulator). The boundaries of the workspace can be obtained by the study of the Jacobian matrix of the manipulator. Therefore, this is equivalent to study the singularity conditions of four 3-RPR parallel robots. By using algebraic tools, it is possible to determine the singularity surfaces and their intersections yielding the workspace. Thus, it will be shown that the use of the CAD allows to get an implicit representation of the workspace as a set of cells. A comparative workspace analysis of three designs of mobile platforms, a line, a square and a triangle will be presented and discussed in this paper for a planar 4-cable fully-constrained robot.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME
Topics: Cables , Manipulators



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