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Comparison of Numerical Modeling to Experimental Data in a Small, Low Power Data Center Test Cell

[+] Author Affiliations
Ethan Cruz, Madhusudan Iyengar, Roger Schmidt

International Business Machines, Poughkeepsie, NY

Yogendra Joshi

Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA

Paper No. IMECE2009-12860, pp. 1437-1445; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2009-12860
From:
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B and C
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4382-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

As the performance of Information Technology (IT) equipment continues to rise, so do the power dissipated and overall power density. Air cooling this increasing power has proved a significant challenge even at the data center level. In order to combat this challenge, Computational Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer (CFD/HT) models have been employed as the dominant technique for the design and optimization of both new and existing data centers. This study is a continuation of earlier comparisons of CFD/HT models to experimentally measured temperature and flow fields in a small data center test cell. It compares previously unpublished experimentally collected data for the 11 kW dissipation cases using three different layouts of perforated tiles to a CFD/HT model using eight turbulence models and a laminar flow model. Insight into the location of the deviation between the different turbulence models and experimental data are discussed, along with the computational effort involved in running the CFD/HT models. It was found that the laminar flow model and the Spalart-Allamaras turbulence model produced the smallest deviations from experimental data, but the former required only one twentieth of the computational effort of the latter.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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