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Geometry and Kinematics of a Plane-Symmetric Spatial Eight-Bar Linkage With Exact Straight-Line Motion

[+] Author Affiliations
Guowu Wei, Jian S. Dai

King’s College London, University of London, London, UK

Paper No. DETC2011-48281, pp. 471-480; 10 pages
  • ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 6: 35th Mechanisms and Robotics Conference, Parts A and B
  • Washington, DC, USA, August 28–31, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5483-9
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


In this paper, a novel plane-symmetric spatial eight-bar linkage with exact straight-line motion is proposed for the first time. Geometry and kinematics of the eight-bar linkage are studied and closed-form equations are presented revealing the exact straight-line motion characteristics of the linkage. It is found in this paper that, for the plane-symmetric eight-bar linkage, the angle α between the base and the straight-line traced by the trajectory of the end-effector point is only dependent on the angle φ of the isosceles triangle vertexes of the linkage but independent of the length of the links and dimension of the vertexes. The relationship between α and φ is studied and a special case that leads to parallel translation motion is revealed. Numerical example is then given to illustrate the kinematic properties of the eight-bar linkage.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME



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