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An Extended Analytical and Numerical Design Method With Applications of Radial Fans

[+] Author Affiliations
Philipp Epple, Mihai Miclea, Christian Luschmann, Caslav Ilic, Antonio Delgado

Friedrich-Alexander University, Erlangen-Nuremburg, Erlangen, Germany

Paper No. IMECE2009-11283, pp. 1119-1129; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2009-11283
From:
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B and C
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4382-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

The use of high speed radial impellers is very common in fans for industrial application. It is very common also to manufacture the radial impellers for these fans with circular arc blades. The design process is also almost always based on former impeller series and experimental data available. In this work a method is presented to improve the efficiency of radial impellers with a combined analytical and numerical method. This method is based on a new extended analytical formulation of the flow in radial impellers allowing optimizing efficiency in design stage. The blade shapes are computed with an inverse method. The design is then validated by means of CFD computation. Finally a prototype was built and measurements were carried out in a test rig. It is shown also that the design method delivered very good predictions leading to an efficiency increase of 13% of efficiency and a maximum flow rate increase of 11% absolute. The design point was also met. It is also shown that the numerical computations and measurements are in good agreement. An analysis of the CFD results is also presented, giving insight in the substantial flow information inside the old and the new impeller. The method presented is a combined analytical and numerical method suited to design high efficiency radial impellers without the need of a previous impeller series or knowledge of experimental data.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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