0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Finite Element Modelling of Volumetric and Shear Ductile Micro- and Macro-Fracture Processes Under Long Time Loading

[+] Author Affiliations
Lucija Pajic

Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, UK

Alexander A. Lukyanov

Abingdon Technology Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, UK

Paper No. IPC2008-64331, pp. 211-217; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/IPC2008-64331
From:
  • 2008 7th International Pipeline Conference
  • 2008 7th International Pipeline Conference, Volume 3
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, September 29–October 3, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: International Petroleum Technology Institute and the Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4859-3 | eISBN: 798-0-7918-3835-8
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

Submarine and onshore pipelines transport enormous quantities of oil and gas vital to the economies of virtually all nations. Any failure to ensure safe and continuous operation of these pipelines can have serious economic implications, damage the environment and cause fatalities. A prerequisite to safe pipeline operation is to ensure their structural integrity to a high level of reliability throughout their operational lives. This integrity may be threatened by volumetric and shear ductile micro- and macro-fracture processes under long time loading or continuous operation. In this paper a mathematically consistent damage model for predicting the damage in pipeline structures under tensile and shear loading is considered. A detailed study of widely used damage models (e.g., Lemaitre’s and Gurson’s models) has been published in the literature. It has been shown that Gurson’s damage model is not able to adequately predict fracture propagation path under shear loading, whereas Lemaitre’s damage model (Lemaitre, 1985) shows good results in this case (e.g., Hambli 2001, Mkaddem et al. 2004). The opposite effect can be observed for some materials by using Gurson’s damage model in the case of tensile loading (e.g., Tvergaard and Needleman 1984; Zhang et al. 2000; Chen and Lambert 2003; Mashayekhi et al. 2007) and wiping die bending process (Mkaddem et al. 2004). Therefore, the mathematically consistent damage model which takes into account the advantages of both Lemaitre’s and Gurson’s models has been developed. The model is based on the assumption that the damage state of materials can be described by a damage tensor ωij . This allows for definition of two scalars that are ω = ωkk /3 (the volume damage) (Lukyanov, 2004) and α = ωijωij (a norm of the damage tensor deviator ωij ′ = ωij ωδij ) (Lukyanov, 2004). The ω parameter describes the accumulation of micro-pore type damage (which may disappear under compression) and the parameter α describes the shear damage. The proposed damage model has been implemented into the finite element code ABAQUS by specifying the user material routine (UMAT). Based on experimental research which has been published by Lemaitre (1985), the proposed isotropic elastoplastic damage model is validated. The results for X-70 pipeline steel are also presented, discussed and future studies are outlined.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In