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Heat-Affected Zone Hardness Limits for In-Service Welding

[+] Author Affiliations
William A. Bruce, Bradley C. Etheridge

CC Technologies, Inc., Dublin, OH

Andrew Carman

University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, Australia

Paper No. IPC2008-64003, pp. 1-9; 9 pages
  • 2008 7th International Pipeline Conference
  • 2008 7th International Pipeline Conference, Volume 3
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, September 29–October 3, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: International Petroleum Technology Institute and the Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4859-3 | eISBN: 798-0-7918-3835-8
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


Welds made onto in-service pipelines are particularly susceptible to hydrogen cracking. During qualification of welding procedures, limits are often imposed on heat-affected zone hardness (e.g., 350 HV max.) as a way to avoid cracking. The hardness level below which hydrogen cracking does not occur is not a fixed value, but varies as a function of several parameters. The results of previous work resulted in the development of hardness evaluation criteria that can be used to quantify the trade-offs that can be made between HAZ hardness, hydrogen level, and the chemical composition of the materials being welded for welds made onto in-service pipelines. This paper describes a current project that is being sponsored in part by the US Department of Transportation – Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, which is focusing on the further development and validation of these criteria, particularly for modern microalloyed materials and material over a wide range of wall thicknesses. The use of these criteria will reduce the cost and increase the reliability of pipeline modifications and repairs.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME
Topics: Heat , Welding



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