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Elastic Effects on Rayleigh-Bénard-Marangoni Convection in Liquids With Temperature-Dependent Viscosity

[+] Author Affiliations
G. N. Sekhar

B. M. S. College of Engineering, Bangalore, KA, India

G. Jayalatha

R. V. College of Engineering, Bangalore, KA, India

Paper No. IMECE2009-12774, pp. 925-934; 10 pages
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B and C
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4382-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


A linear stability analysis of convection in viscoelastic liquids with temperature-dependent viscosity is studied using normal modes and Galerkin method. Stationary convection is shown to be the preferred mode of instability when the ratio of strain retardation parameter to stress relaxation parameter (elasticity ratio) is greater than unity. When the ratio is less than unity the possibility of oscillatory convection is shown to arise. Oscillatory convection is studied numerically for Rivlin-Ericksen, Walters B′ , Maxwell and Jeffreys liquids by considering free-free and rigid-free isothermal/adiabatic boundaries. It is found that there is a tight coupling between the Rayleigh and Marangoni numbers, with an increase in one resulting in a decrease in the other. The effect of variable viscosity parameter is shown to destabilize the system. The problem reveals the stabilizing nature of strain retardation parameter and destabilizing nature of stress relaxation parameter, on the onset of convection. The Maxwell liquids are found to be more unstable than the one subscribing to Jeffreys description whereas the Rivlin-Ericksen and Walters B′ liquids are comparatively more stable. Rigid-free adiabatic boundary combination is found to give rise to a most stable system, whereas the free isothermal free adiabatic combination gives rise to a most unstable system. The problem has applications in non-isothermal systems having viscoelastic liquids as working media.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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