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Nonlinear Control of an Air Handling Unit Using Feedback Linearization

[+] Author Affiliations
Hamed Moradi, Majid Saffar-Avval

Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Paper No. IMECE2009-11535, pp. 891-897; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2009-11535
From:
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B and C
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4382-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems are equipments used to maintain satisfactory comfort conditions in buildings. Also, energy consumption of ventilated buildings highly depend on the design, performance and control of HVAC systems. In this paper, nonlinear model of a multi-variable HVAC system is considered in which the control inputs are the air and cool water flow rates. Using thermodynamics and heat transfer rules, differential and consequently state space equations of the system are represented. To achieve a good performance, dynamic variables such as output temperature and relative humidity must be controlled. Using input-output feedback linearization, a PI controller is designed. It is shown that by applying the controller, system tracks from one operating point to another with an appropriate specification of time response. In addition, using feedback linearization guarantees robustness of the system against the parametric uncertainties associated with dynamic model.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME
Topics: Feedback

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