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Direct Strain Calculation of Pipe Line Dent From Knot Migration Using a Kinematic Model Free of Material Properties

[+] Author Affiliations
Adrian A. Belanger, Ram Narayanan

Tuboscope Pipeline Services, Houston, TX

Paper No. IPC2008-64143, pp. 267-274; 8 pages
  • 2008 7th International Pipeline Conference
  • 2008 7th International Pipeline Conference, Volume 2
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, September 29–October 3, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: International Petroleum Technology Institute and the Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4858-6 | eISBN: 798-0-7918-3835-8
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


With advances in interpolation and noise filtering, a pure strain calculation can be derived using the fundamental definition of the strain tensor and a shell model with only a few assumptions. Deformation data acquired on the inner surface of the pipe is used to calculate the positional knots that define the inner shell surface from which the displacement vectors of the median plane can be calculated. Using a shell model around the median plane, the strains can be calculated on the inner and outer surfaces based purely on the displacement of the knot positions. To validate this procedure, an FEM is built using a nonlinear stress-strain response for the steel to model its elasto-plastic behavior with associated kinematic hardening behavior. The model uses a second order shell element with plasticity, large deformation, and large strain capabilities.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



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