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Heat Transfer Augmentation of Parallel Flows by Means of Electric Conduction Phenomenon in Macro- and Micro-Scale

[+] Author Affiliations
Miad Yazdani, Jamal Seyed-Yagoobi

Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL

Paper No. IMECE2009-12219, pp. 441-449; 9 pages
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B and C
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4382-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


Electrohydrodynamic (EHD) conduction phenomenon takes advantage of the electrical Coulomb force exerted on a dielectric liquid generated by externally applied electric field. The conduction phenomenon can be applied to enhance or control mass transport and heat transfer in both terrestrial and microgravity environments with advantages of simplicity and no degradation of fluid properties for isothermal as well as non-isothermal liquids. This paper numerically studies the heat transfer augmentation of externally driven macro- and micro-scale parallel flows by means of electric conduction phenomenon. The electric conduction is generated via electrode pairs embedded against the channel wall to solely enhance the heat transfer; it is not utilized to pump the liquid. Two cases of Poiseuille and Couette parallel flows are considered where for the former, a constant external pressure gradient is applied along the channel and for the latter, the channel wall moves with a constant velocity. The electric field and electric body force distributions along with the resultant velocity fields are presented. The heat transfer enhancements are illustrated under various operating conditions for both scales.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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