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Direct Numerical Simulations of Magnetic Field Effects on Turbulent Duct Flows

[+] Author Affiliations
R. Chaudhary, S. P. Vanka, B. G. Thomas

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL

Paper No. IMECE2009-11527, pp. 299-308; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2009-11527
From:
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B and C
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4382-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

Magnetic fields are crucial in controlling flow in various physical processes of significance. One of these processes, which has significant application of a magnetic field, is continuous casting of steel, where different magnetic field configurations are used to control the turbulent steel flow in the mold to minimize defects in the cast steel. This study has been undertaken to analyze the effect of magnetic field on mean velocities and turbulence parameters in the molten metal flows through a square duct. Direct Numerical Simulations without using a sub-grid scale (SGS) model have been used to characterize the three-dimensional transient flow. The coupled Navier-Stokes-MHD equations have been solved with a three-dimensional fractional-step numerical procedure. Because liquid metals have low magnetic Reynolds number, the induced magnetic field has been neglected and the electric potential method for magnetic field-flow coupling has been implemented. Initially, laminar simulations in a square duct have been performed and results generated were compared with previous series solutions. Next, simulations of a non-MHD flow in a square duct at low Reynolds number were performed and satisfactorily compared with results of a previous DNS study. Subsequently, different levels of a magnetic field were applied to study its effect on the turbulence until the flow completely laminarized. Time-dependent and time-averaged flows have been studied through mean velocities and fluctuations, and power spectrums of instantaneous velocities.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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