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Parametric Study of Ultrafiltration

[+] Author Affiliations
Nina Zhou, A. G. Agwu Nnanna

Purdue University Calumet, Hammond, IN

Paper No. IMECE2009-11696, pp. 233-240; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2009-11696
From:
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B and C
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4382-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

The performance of cross flow hollow fiber ultrafiltration (UF) membrane with molecular weight cut off (MWCO) 100 kDaltons was studied in order to effectively remove suspended solids in wastewater. Experiments were carried out to investigate the influence of the several factors such as cross flow velocity, transmembrane pressure (TMP), water temperature, and concentration of suspended solids on the membrane performance. Several cleaning methods were applied to remove the fouling. The experimental results showed that increasing TMP, temperature and cross flow velocity all resulted in increasing permeate flux. It is observed that high TMP aggravated the fouling while high cross flow velocity alleviated the fouling. High concentrations of suspended solids led to the reduction of permeate flux. It is also found that both combination of chemical, back- and forward-washing as well as soaking cleaning methods effectively removed fouling and achieved high flux recovery. The suspended solids were effectively removed by our UF system, and the water quality is significantly improved after ultrafiltration.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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