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Effect on Slates by Wind Over Roof of Japanese Residence

[+] Author Affiliations
Satoru Okamoto

Shimane University, Matsue, Japan

Paper No. IMECE2009-10575, pp. 167-175; 9 pages
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, Parts A, B and C
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4382-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


A series of wind tunnel tests was conducted on the vibration and scattering behavior of full-sized model of roof tiles, which were used widely for roofings of Japanese wooden dwellings. This study has investigated the nature and source of the vibrating and scattering behavior of roof tiles with the aim of providing a better insight to the mechanism. The roof tiles were set up on the pitched roof in the downstream of the flow from the wind tunnel. The vibrations for the roof tiles were measured by the Laser Doppler Vibrometry and the accelerometer, and the practical natural frequencies of the roof tiles were analyzed by the impulse force hammer test method. The motions of the vibration and scattering were observed by the high-speed video camera. Based on the consideration on the results of the measurements, there is a basic mechanism which can lead to flow-induced vibrations of the roof tiles. This mechanism is similar to that of the so-called fluttering instability, which appears as the self-excited oscillation in the natural mode of the structure at the certain critical flow speed. The values of the frequencies for the oscillating relate to the values of natural frequencies of the vibration.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME
Topics: Roofs , Wind



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