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Fault Tolerant Control of a Quadrotor Helicopter Using Model Reference Adaptive Control

[+] Author Affiliations
Iman Sadeghzadeh, Ankit Mehta, Youmin Zhang

Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada

Paper No. DETC2011-48755, pp. 997-1004; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2011-48755
From:
  • ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 3: 2011 ASME/IEEE International Conference on Mechatronic and Embedded Systems and Applications, Parts A and B
  • Washington, DC, USA, August 28–31, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5480-8
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

This paper proposes a useful approach to Fault Tolerant Control (FTC) based on the Model Reference Adaptive Control (MRAC) technique with application to a quadrotor helicopter Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) in hovering as well as trajectory tracking flight in order to control and keep the desired height and trajectory of the quadrotor helicopter in both normal conditions and in the presence of faults in one or more actuators. A Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR) controller is used in cooperation with the MRAC to control the pitch and roll attitude of the helicopter. Three cases of fault are considered: 1) simulated fault in all the four actuators; 2) simulated fault in back and right motors; 3) a physical damage of 23% of one of the four propellers during autonomous flight. It can be seen from the test results that under the faulty and damage conditions MRAC controller provided a good response of the quadrotor UAV and result in safe landings of the quadrotor.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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