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Command Strategies for Tele-Operation of Mobile-Manipulator Systems via a Haptic Input Device

[+] Author Affiliations
Michael R. Wrock, Scott B. Nokleby

University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, ON, Canada

Paper No. DETC2011-47747, pp. 623-630; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2011-47747
From:
  • ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 3: 2011 ASME/IEEE International Conference on Mechatronic and Embedded Systems and Applications, Parts A and B
  • Washington, DC, USA, August 28–31, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5480-8
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

Tele-operation of mobile-manipulator systems (MMS) is typically done by modeling both the manipulator and mobile base as a single system combined with the use of various redundancy resolution techniques to achieve coordinated motion. In this work, the Omnibot MMS is controlled by a 3-DOF (degrees-of-freedom) haptic joystick. The base is a holonomic platform having 3-DOF supporting a 3-DOF manipulator capable of position control within its workspace. By controlling the base and manipulator individually, redundancy resolution techniques are not required because the master has equal DOF to the device it is controlling at any given time. Two command strategies are proposed herein for automatic switching of control between the manipulator and base. The first command strategy is a virtual wall method that uses haptic forces to make the operator feel like they are pushing against a wall at the edge of the manipulator’s workspace, resulting in the base moving. The second command strategy is a two state approach in which each state controls a different device and switching between the two is done by breaking through the workspace limits. With the help of haptic forces, the operator has the sensation of breaking through a compliant surface when switching states. The two proposed strategies were implemented and tested on the Omnibot MMS and both subjective and objective data was used to evaluate and compare the two methods.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME
Topics: Haptics , Manipulators

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