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VHTR-Based Systems for Autonomous Co-Generation Applications

[+] Author Affiliations
Pavel V. Tsvetkov, David E. Ames, II, Ayodeji B. Alajo, Tom G. Lewis, III

Texas A&M University, College Station, TX

Paper No. HTR2008-58228, pp. 745-753; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/HTR2008-58228
From:
  • Fourth International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology
  • Fourth International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology, Volume 1
  • Washington, DC, USA, September 28–October 1, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4854-8 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3834-1
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

As highly efficient advanced nuclear systems, Generation IV Very High Temperature Reactors (VHTR) can be considered in a variety of configurations for electricity generation and process heat applications. Simultaneous delivery of electricity, low-temperature process heat (for potable water production, district heating, etc.) and high temperature process heat (for hydrogen production, etc.) by a single cogeneration system offers unique deployment options as “all-in-one” power stations. This paper is focused on the VHTR-based systems for autonomous co-generation applications. The analysis is being performed within the scope of the U.S. DOE NERI project on utilization of higher actinides (TRUs and partitioned MAs) as a fuel component for extended-life VHTR configurations. It accounts for system performance characteristics including VHTR physics features, control options and energy conversion efficiencies. Utilization of TRUs in VHTRs is explored to stabilize in-core fuel compositions (core self-stabilization) leading to extended single-batch OTTO (Once-Through-Then-Out) modes of operation without intermediate refueling.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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