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A Method for Simultaneously Satisfying Important Constraints and Dependencies for Many Different Types of Processes in Embedded Real-Time Systems

[+] Author Affiliations
Jia Xu

York University, Toronto, ON, Canada

Paper No. DETC2011-47928, pp. 29-38; 10 pages
  • ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 3: 2011 ASME/IEEE International Conference on Mechatronic and Embedded Systems and Applications, Parts A and B
  • Washington, DC, USA, August 28–31, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5480-8
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


In most embedded, real-time applications, processes need to satisfy various important constraints and dependencies, such as release times, offsets, precedence relations, and exclusion relations. Embedded, real-time systems with high assurance requirements often must execute many different types of processes with such constraints and dependencies. Some of the processes may be periodic and some of them may be asynchronous. Some of the processes may have hard deadlines and some of them may have soft deadlines. For some of the processes, especially the hard real-time processes, complete knowledge about their characteristics can and must be acquired before run-time. For other processes, prior knowledge of their worst case computation time and their data requirements may not be available. It is important for many embedded real-time systems to be able to simultaneously satisfy as many important constraints and dependencies as possible for as many different types of processes as possible. In this paper, we discuss what types of important constraints and dependencies can be satisfied among what types of processes. We also present a method which guarantees that, for every process, no matter whether it is periodic or asynchronous, and no matter whether it has a hard deadline or a soft deadline, as long as the characteristics of that process are known before run-time, then that process will be guaranteed to be completed before predetermined time limits, while simultaneously satisfying many important constraints and dependencies with other processes.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME



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