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Comparison Between 2D and 3D Hand Gesture Interaction for Augmented Reality Applications

[+] Author Affiliations
Rafael Radkowski, Christian Stritzke

Heinz Nixdorf Institute, Paderborn, Germany

Paper No. DETC2011-48155, pp. 1533-1543; 11 pages
  • ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 2: 31st Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Parts A and B
  • Washington, DC, USA, August 28–31, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5479-2
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


This paper presents a comparison between 2D and 3D interaction techniques for Augmented Reality (AR) applications. The interaction techniques are based on hand gestures and a computer vision-based hand gesture recognition system. We have compared 2D gestures and 3D gestures for interaction in AR application. The 3D recognition system is based on a video camera, which provides an additional depth image to each 2D color image. Thus, spatial interactions become possible. Our major question during this work was: Do depth images and 3D interaction techniques improve the interaction with AR applications, respectively with virtual 3D objects? Therefore, we have tested and compared the hand gesture recognition systems. The results show two things: First, they show that the depth images facilitate a more robust hand recognition and gesture identification. Second, the results are a strong indication that 3D hand gesture interactions techniques are more intuitive than 2D hand gesture interaction techniques. In summary the results emphasis, that depth images improve the hand gesture interaction for AR applications.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME



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