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Air Ingress Phenomena in a Depressurization Accident of the Very-High-Temperature Reactor

[+] Author Affiliations
Tetsuaki Takeda

University of Yamanashi, Kofu, Yamanashi, Japan

Paper No. HTR2008-58099, pp. 633-640; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/HTR2008-58099
From:
  • Fourth International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology
  • Fourth International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology, Volume 1
  • Washington, DC, USA, September 28–October 1, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4854-8 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3834-1
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

The inherent properties of the Very-High-Temperature Reactor (VHTR) facilitate the design of the VHTR with high degree of passive safe performances, compared to other type of reactors. However, it is still not clear if the VHTR can maintain a passive safe function during the primary-pipe rupture accident, or what would be a design criterion to guarantee the VHTR with the high degree of passive safe performances during the accident. The primary-pipe rupture accident is one of the most common of accidents related to the basic design regarding the VHTR, which has a potential to cause the destruction of the reactor core by oxidizing in-core graphite structures and to release fission products by oxidizing graphite fuel elements. It is a guillotine type rupture of the double coaxial pipe at the nozzle part connecting to the side or bottom of the reactor pressure vessel, which is a peculiar accident for the VHTR. This study is to investigate the air ingress phenomena and to develop the passive safe technology for the prevention of air ingress and of graphite corrosion. The present paper describes the influences of a localized natural circulation in parallel channels onto the air ingress process during the primary-pipe rupture accident of the VHTR.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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