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Integration of Life Cycle Inventories Incorporating Manufacturing Unit Processes

[+] Author Affiliations
Mark Campanelli, Sudarsan Rachuri

National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD

Jonatan Berglund

Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden

Paper No. DETC2011-48500, pp. 985-995; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2011-48500
From:
  • ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 2: 31st Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Parts A and B
  • Washington, DC, USA, August 28–31, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5479-2
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

Sustainable manufacturing (SM) concerns the manufacture of products with regard to environmental, social, and economic impacts over the entire life cycle. With a primary focus on environmental concerns, life cycle assessment (LCA) can support SM practices. The life cycle inventory (LCI) is a key phase of LCA, and this paper considers the integration of manufacturing unit processes (MUPs) into system-level LCIs, which requires consideration of process flow diagrams at different levels of abstraction. Furthermore, uncertainty quantification is an important component of LCA interpretation, and this paper proposes a method to synthesize LCIs from the process-level to the system-level that consistently quantifies uncertainty in the inventories. The method can incorporate MUP data derived from measurements and/or modeling and simulation. Further development towards a complete methodology is discussed.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME
Topics: Manufacturing , Cycles

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