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Dry Cooling Towers for GT-MHR

[+] Author Affiliations
C. B. Baxi

General Atomics, General Atomics Court, CA

Paper No. HTR2008-58182, pp. 83-97; 15 pages
  • Fourth International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology
  • Fourth International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology, Volume 1
  • Washington, DC, USA, September 28–October 1, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4854-8 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3834-1
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


Due to problems with the availability and the price of water, and the concerns relating to adverse environmental effects of wet cooling systems, the need for water conserving cooling systems has been increasing. Presently, dry cooling accounts for over 30,000 MWe of capacity in more than 30 countries. GT-MHR is specially suited for use of dry cooling due to 1) high efficiency, 2) high heat rejection temperatures and 3) large temperature difference between the turbine inlet and heat rejection temperatures. Higher efficiency means the amount of energy rejected to the cooling per MWe is less. The majority of heat is rejected in precooler and intercooler at helium temperature of more than 100 °C. This results in higher temperature difference for heat rejection. Also due to large temperature difference between the turbine inlet and heat rejection temperatures, changes in ambient temperature have a smaller effect on overall thermal efficiency. Preliminary evaluation shows that pure dry cooling is economical for GT-MHR for water cost of more than 0.8$/m3 and power cost of 3.5 c/kWh. A combination of dry and wet cooling can reduce large percentage of the water use without affecting the efficiency.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



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