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Improving the Condition Number of Finite Element Stiffness Matrices via Inverted Elements

[+] Author Affiliations
Josh Danczyk, Krishnan Suresh

University of Wisconsin - Madison, Madison, WI

Paper No. DETC2011-47328, pp. 31-38; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2011-47328
From:
  • ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 2: 31st Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Parts A and B
  • Washington, DC, USA, August 28–31, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5479-2
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

In the finite element method, poor quality elements typically increase the condition number of the underlying stiffness matrix, thereby potentially: (1) degrading the computed solution, and (2) slowing the convergence of iterative solvers. Current mesh improvement strategies rely on node movement and edge-flipping to alleviate these problems. However, these methods cannot guarantee a lower-bound on mesh quality, especially in 3-D. In this paper we propose the concept, and use, of inverted elements to improve mesh quality and condition number. Inverted elements are standard finite elements, but with negative Jacobian. After establishing the mathematical properties of these elements we show how they can be used to dramatically improve the quality of a mesh through the use of an ‘element cover’. Further, we show that a lower-bound on the mesh quality can be easily achieved, as supported by numerical experiments and case-studies.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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