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Facilitating Joint Chaos and Fractal Analysis of Biosignals Through Nonlinear Adaptive Filtering

[+] Author Affiliations
Jianbo Gao

PMB Intelligence LLC; Wright State University, Dayton, OH

Jing Hu

Affymetrix, Inc., Santa Clara, CA

Wen-wen Tung

Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

Paper No. DSCC2011-6083, pp. 573-577; 5 pages
  • ASME 2011 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference and Bath/ASME Symposium on Fluid Power and Motion Control
  • ASME 2011 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference and Bath/ASME Symposium on Fluid Power and Motion Control, Volume 2
  • Arlington, Virginia, USA, October 31–November 2, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5476-1
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


Chaos and random fractal theories are among the most important for fully characterizing nonlinear dynamics of complicated multiscale biosignals. Chaos analysis requires that signals be relatively noise-free and stationary, while fractal analysis demands signals to be non-rhythmic and scale-free. To facilitate joint chaos and fractal analysis of biosignals, we report an adaptive multiscale decomposition algorithm, which: (1) can readily remove nonstationarities from the signal, (2) can more effectively reduce noise in the signals than linear filters, wavelet denoising, and chaos-based noise reduction schemes; (3) can readily decompose a multiscale biosignal into a series of intrinsically bandlimited functions; (4) offers a new formulation of fractal and multifractal analysis that is better than the popular detrended fluctuation analysis when a biosignal contains a strong oscillatory component. The effectiveness of the approach is demonstrated by applying it to classify EEGs for the purpose of detecting epileptic seizures.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME
Topics: Filtration , Chaos , Fractals



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