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Myoelectric Torque Control of an Active Transfemoral Prosthesis During Stair Ascent

[+] Author Affiliations
Carl D. Hoover, Kevin B. Fite, George D. Fulk

Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY

Donald W. Holmes

Northern Orthopedic Laboratory, Inc., Potsdam, NY

Paper No. DSCC2011-5998, pp. 451-458; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/DSCC2011-5998
From:
  • ASME 2011 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference and Bath/ASME Symposium on Fluid Power and Motion Control
  • ASME 2011 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference and Bath/ASME Symposium on Fluid Power and Motion Control, Volume 2
  • Arlington, Virginia, USA, October 31–November 2, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5476-1
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents experimental results of a myoelectric impedance controller designed for reciprocal stair ascent with an active-knee powered transfemoral prosthesis. The controller is modeled from non-amputee (normal) motion capture data, estimating knee torque with a linear two-state (stance/swing) impedance control form that includes proportional myoelectric torque control. The normal gait model is characterized by small stiffness and damping in both stance and swing, a low angle set-point in stance, a high angle set-point in swing, and proportional myoelectric control in stance but not swing. Clinical tests with a single unilateral transfemoral amputee indicate good performance of the controller; however, subject feedback suggests a reduction in the extensive myoelectric torque parameter and the need for constant, balanced myoelectric torque parameters in both stance and swing. Average prosthesis knee joint kinetics from a stairwell test using the amputee-tuned controller compare favorably with non-amputee gait data.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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