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Speed Improvement in Electrical Capacitance Tomography Through a Multiple Excitation and Receiving Method

[+] Author Affiliations
Zhaoyan Fan, Robert X. Gao

University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT

Paper No. DSCC2011-6031, pp. 153-158; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/DSCC2011-6031
From:
  • ASME 2011 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference and Bath/ASME Symposium on Fluid Power and Motion Control
  • ASME 2011 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference and Bath/ASME Symposium on Fluid Power and Motion Control, Volume 2
  • Arlington, Virginia, USA, October 31–November 2, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5476-1
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

Electrical Capacitance Tomography (ECT) is a method to determine the material distribution within the interior of a closed object by measuring the capacitance values across externally mounted electrodes. Traditionally, an AC excitation pulse is applied to a pair of electrodes that form a capacitor during each measurement step, in order to determine the capacitance from the output current measured. This paper investigates how the speed of inter-electrode capacitance measurement can be improved by comparatively studying three methods that affect the way electrodes are excited and signals are received: 1) multiple-excitation-single-receiving, 2) single-excitation-multiple-receiving, and 3) multiple-excitation-multiple-receiving. A PSPICE circuit model was built to simulate the bandwidth and interference between the simultaneously sampled measurement channels. Simulations using ECT sensors with 8 and 12-electrodes have shown that measurement speed can be increased by up to 3 ∼ 30 times as compared to the traditional mode of capacitance measurement. Such new capability opens up new possibilities for ECT as an effective tool for online, real-time monitoring of a wide range of dynamical processes in the industry.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME
Topics: Capacitance

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