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Transient Natural Convection From a Vertically Embedded Heat Source in a Thermally Stratified Porous Layer

[+] Author Affiliations
J. Zhang, F. C. Lai

University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK

Paper No. HT2008-56110, pp. 417-425; 9 pages
  • ASME 2008 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the Fluids Engineering, Energy Sustainability, and 3rd Energy Nanotechnology Conferences
  • Heat Transfer: Volume 1
  • Jacksonville, Florida, USA, August 10–14, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4847-0 | eISBN: 0-7918-3832-3
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


Numerical results are presented for transient natural convection from a heat source vertically embedded in a saturated porous layer. The porous layer is initially thermally stratified with a negative temperature gradient. The effects of the source strength and its buried depth on the penetration of convective flows are investigated. The results, which include the buoyancy-induced flow patterns and temperature profiles, as well as the heat transfer coefficient in terms of the Nusselt number, are presented for a wide range of base Rayleigh number and stratification parameter. The results thus obtained have important implications for applications in geothermal energy and underground disposal of nuclear wastes.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



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