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Experimental and Numerical Determination of Thermal Radiative Properties of ZnO Particulate Media

[+] Author Affiliations
Patrick Coray

Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen PSI, Switzerland

Wojciech Lipiński

ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Aldo Steinfeld

ETH Zurich, Zurich; Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen PSI, Switzerland

Paper No. HT2008-56236, pp. 51-57; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/HT2008-56236
From:
  • ASME 2008 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the Fluids Engineering, Energy Sustainability, and 3rd Energy Nanotechnology Conferences
  • Heat Transfer: Volume 1
  • Jacksonville, Florida, USA, August 10–14, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4847-0 | eISBN: 0-7918-3832-3
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

The radiative characteristics of packed beds of ZnO particles, applied in the design of high-temperature solar thermochemical reactors, were investigated experimentally. ZnO samples of varying thickness were exposed to a continuous beam of near monochromatic thermal radiation in the 0.5–1 μm wavelength range. The overall transmitted fraction measured as a function of sample thickness s obeys an exponential trend exp(–As), with the fit parameter A ranging from (4000 ± 100) m−1 at 555 nm to (2100 ± 100) m−1 at 1 μm. In the forward directions, the measured intensity distribution is approximately isotropic, whereas in the backward directions it is well approximated by a Henyey–Greenstein equation with asymmetry factor g ≈ − 0.4 at 555 nm and g ≈ − 0.1 at 1 μm. A Monte Carlo ray-tracing model of the experimental set-up is employed to extract the extinction coefficient and the scattering albedo for the case of non-grey absorbing-scattering medium.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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