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Analysis of Flow and Wall Shear Stress in Curvature Induced Dorsal Aneurysms: Effect of Arterial Curvature

[+] Author Affiliations
Arun Ramu, Guo-Xiang Wang

The University of Akron, Akron, OH

Paper No. IMECE2009-11322, pp. 167-172; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2009-11322
From:
  • ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 2: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
  • Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, November 13–19, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4375-8 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3863-1
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

Intracranial aneurysms are abnormal enlargement in the walls of cerebral arteries. The rupture of aneurysms is the leading cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), with a high mortality and morbidity rate. A majority of saccular cerebral aneurysms occur at sites of arterial bifurcations. However, a good percentage of aneurysms are curvature induced and are found along the cavernous arterial segment. The occurrence of such non branching aneurysms, clinically called dorsal aneurysms, can be related to the increased wall shear stress at the curved arteries. The rupture of aneurysms usually occurs at the dome region, which is subjected to reduced wall shear stress (wss) owing to low re-circulating flow. Hence it is important to understand the impact of arterial curvature on the WSS distribution along the dome of aneurysms. Previously, studies have not taken into account the aspect of low WSS along the dome region. In the present 3-d computational fluid dynamic approach, we investigate the impact of varying arterial curvature on spherical dorsal aneurysms. The primary velocity patterns, the WSS distribution along the dome of the aneurysm and the area of increased WSS have been quantified for steady flow conditions.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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