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Numerical Prediction Method of Cavitation Erosion

[+] Author Affiliations
Motohiko Nohmi

Ebara Research Company Ltd., Fujisawa, Japan

Toshiaki Ikohagi, Yuka Iga

Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan

Paper No. FEDSM2008-55126, pp. 1139-1145; 7 pages
  • ASME 2008 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the Heat Transfer, Energy Sustainability, and 3rd Energy Nanotechnology Conferences
  • Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B
  • Jacksonville, Florida, USA, August 10–14, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4840-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3832-3
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


Bubble behavior in cavitating flow is analyzed for the development of practical erosion prediction method. CFD analysis with cavitation model is carried out for the flow field around a hydrofoil. Afterwards computation of bubble dynamics is carried out coupled with flow field CFD results by one way approach. For the bubble dynamic calculation, Rayleigh-Plesset equation is adopted. Bubble behaviors in the collapse of cloud cavitaion and in the break off of sheet cavity are analyzed. Bubble behavior at the trailing edge of sheet cavity is also calculated. It is observed that steep pressure change in the flow causes oscillation of the bubbles. Based on this qualitative information of bubble behaviors, numerical cavitation aggressiveness is simply defined. This numerical cavitation aggressiveness is a function of local void fraction and pressure over the solid surface and can be calculated directly from the cavitating flow field CFD results without concerning bubble dynamics.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



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