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Computational Studies on the Behavior of an Interface Separating Two Fluids Under Uniform Electric Field

[+] Author Affiliations
Payam Sharifi, Asghar Esmaeeli

Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Carbondale, IL

Paper No. FEDSM2008-55191, pp. 947-954; 8 pages
  • ASME 2008 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the Heat Transfer, Energy Sustainability, and 3rd Energy Nanotechnology Conferences
  • Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B
  • Jacksonville, Florida, USA, August 10–14, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4840-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3832-3
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) are carried out to study the dynamics of a horizontal interface separating two fluids, having different electrical properties, under the influence of a uniform electric field. A front tracking/finite difference scheme is used, in conjunction with Taylor’s leaky dielectric model, to solve the governing electrohydrodynamics equations in both fluids at finite Reynolds numbers. The methodology and the code is validated by comparing the results with those of the analytical studies developed at the linear stability limit and it is shown that a very good agreement exists between the two. The results of this study show interesting interface behavior depending on the parameters of the problem. In all the cases considered, the interface becomes unstable beyond a critical voltage and starts to oscillate as it moves toward its steady-state shape which is a vertical column pointing from the liquid of higher electric conductivity to the one with a lower conductivity. The shape of the column, however, will vary depending on the individual governing parameters.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



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