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Numerical Evaluation and Comparison of Different Reduced Mechanisms for Predicting the Performance of a SOFC Operating on Coal Syngas

[+] Author Affiliations
Francisco Elizalde-Blancas, Suryanarayana R. Pakalapati, Jose A. Escobar-Vargas, Ismail B. Celik

West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV

Paper No. FEDSM2008-55280, pp. 755-763; 9 pages
  • ASME 2008 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the Heat Transfer, Energy Sustainability, and 3rd Energy Nanotechnology Conferences
  • Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B
  • Jacksonville, Florida, USA, August 10–14, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4840-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3832-3
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


Three-dimensional numerical simulations of an anode supported button solid oxide fuel cell were performed using the code developed in house DREAM SOFC. The cell operates on coal syngas at atmospheric pressure and 1073 K. A gas phase mechanism and a heterogeneous mechanism are studied in this work to assess their influence on the performance of the button cell. Both mechanisms take into account the steam methane reforming reaction and water gas shift reaction. The implemented electrochemistry model allows the cell to simultaneously electrochemically oxidize H2 and CO. Results show that methane reforming from the bulk reactions is negligible compared to the catalyzed reactions. Also with a higher reformation the power delivered by the cell is improved. A small temperature difference of one degree is observed when both mechanisms are compared. The electrochemistry model does not require the ratio between current produced from H2 and CO to be prescribed a priori as an input. Under the operating conditions used in this study the model predicts the ratio to be around 4 for both mechanisms.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



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