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Near-Wall Stereo PIV Investigation of the Turbulent Channel Flow Over Rough-Walls

[+] Author Affiliations
Jiarong Hong, Joseph Katz

Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD

Michael Schultz

United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD

Paper No. FEDSM2008-55197, pp. 683-690; 8 pages
  • ASME 2008 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the Heat Transfer, Energy Sustainability, and 3rd Energy Nanotechnology Conferences
  • Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B
  • Jacksonville, Florida, USA, August 10–14, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4840-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3832-3
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


The near-wall turbulent flow in the rough-wall channel is of great significance in engineering applications, but remains a challenge for both experimental measurement and numerical modeling due to the complexity of the roughness geometry. For optical measurement techniques, e.g. PIV, obstruction by the roughness elements and reflection from the surface adversely affect the quality of near wall data. Our present study utilizes a facility containing a fluid with the same refractive index as the rough acrylic wall, making the interface almost invisible, and employs Stereo PIV to obtain the three-dimensional flow field in the vicinity of the roughness elements. The roughness shape is a uniformly distributed and closely packed, 0.5 mm high pyramid, corresponding to 95 wall units, with a pitch angle of 22.5 degrees. The length of the rough surface is sufficiently long to obtain self-similar roughness boundary layer, turbulent channel flow at a mean velocity of 3.8 m/s, with a clearly defined log layer. Results will include sample data of the complete flow, both around and above the roughness elements. Issues related to implementation of Stereo PIV in an index-matched facility will be discussed.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



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