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Drag Reduction for Blunt Body With Cross Flow by Extremum-Seeking Control

[+] Author Affiliations
Nobuhiko Kamagata, Susumu Horio, Koichi Hishida

Keio University, Yokohama, Japan

Paper No. FEDSM2008-55081, pp. 499-506; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/FEDSM2008-55081
From:
  • ASME 2008 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the Heat Transfer, Energy Sustainability, and 3rd Energy Nanotechnology Conferences
  • Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B
  • Jacksonville, Florida, USA, August 10–14, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4840-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3832-3
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

The active flow control, which can adapt to variation of flow velocity and/or direction, is an effective technique to achieve drag reduction. The present study has investigated a separated shear layer and established two control systems; the system reduces drag force and lift force by controlling the separated shear layer to reattachment for variation of flow velocity and /or direction. The adaptive control system to the variation of flow velocity was constructed by using a hot wire anemometer as a sensor to detect flow separation. The system to flow direction was constructed by using pressure transducers as a sensor to estimate drag force and lift force. The extremum-seeking control was introduced as a controller of the both systems. It is indicated from the experimental results that adaptive drag/lift control system to various flow velocity ranging from 3 to 7 m/s and various flow direction ranging from 0 to 30 deg. was established.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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