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Numerical Study of Droplet Motion in a Hydrophilic/Hydrophobic Microchannel

[+] Author Affiliations
Jiyoung Choi, Gihun Son

Sogang University, Seoul, South Korea

Paper No. FEDSM2008-55137, pp. 103-109; 7 pages
  • ASME 2008 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the Heat Transfer, Energy Sustainability, and 3rd Energy Nanotechnology Conferences
  • Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B
  • Jacksonville, Florida, USA, August 10–14, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4840-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3832-3
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


The droplet dynamics in a hydrophilic/hydrophobic microchannel, which is applicable to a typical proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), is studied numerically by solving the equations governing the conservation of mass and momentum. The liquid-gas interface or droplet shape is determined by a level set method which is modified to treat the contact angles. The matching conditions at the interface are accurately imposed by incorporating the ghost fluid approach based on a sharp-interface representation. Based on the numerical results, the droplet dynamics including the sliding and detachment of droplets is found to depend significantly on the contact angle. The effects of inlet flow velocity, droplet size and side wall on the droplet motion are quantified. Also, a droplet removal process is demonstrated on the combination of hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME
Topics: Motion , Microchannels



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