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Smoothed Profile Method for Particulate Two-Phase Flow

[+] Author Affiliations
Xian Luo, Martin R. Maxey, George E. Karniadakis

Brown University, Providence, RI

Paper No. FEDSM2008-55033, pp. 11-21; 11 pages
  • ASME 2008 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the Heat Transfer, Energy Sustainability, and 3rd Energy Nanotechnology Conferences
  • Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B
  • Jacksonville, Florida, USA, August 10–14, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4840-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3832-3
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


We re-formulate and demonstrate a new method for particulate flows, the so-called “Smoothed Profile” method (SPM) first proposed in [1]. The method uses a fixed computational mesh, which does not conform to the geometry of the particles. The particles are represented by certain smoothed indicator profiles to construct a smooth body force density term added into the Navier-Stokes equations. The SPM imposes accurately and efficiently the rigid-body constraint inside the particles. In particular, while the original method employs a fully-explicit time-integration scheme, we develop a high-order semi-implicit splitting scheme, which we implement in the context of spectral/hp element discretization. We show that the modeling error of SPM has a non-monotonic dependence on the time step size Δt. The optimum time step size balances the thickness of the Stokes layer and that of the profile interface. Subsequently, we present several numerical simulations, including flow past three-dimensional complex-shaped particles and two interacting microspheres, which are compared against full direct numerical simulations and the force coupling method (FCM).

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



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