Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Model Adaptation and Nonlinear Model Predictive Control of an Aircraft Engine

[+] Author Affiliations
Brent J. Brunell, Daniel E. Viassolo

GE Global Research, Niskayuna, NY

Ravi Prasanth

Scientific Systems Company, Inc., Woburn, MA

Paper No. GT2004-53780, pp. 673-682; 10 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2004: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 2: Turbo Expo 2004
  • Vienna, Austria, June 14–17, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4167-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3739-4
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


The performance improvement of constrained nonlinear model predictive control (NMPC) with state and parameter estimation over traditional control architectures is investigated and applied to a model turbofan aircraft engine. Strong nonlinearities are present in turbofan aircraft engines due to the large range of operating conditions and power levels experienced during a typical mission. Also, turbine operation is restricted due to mechanical, aerodynamic, thermal, and flow limitations. Current control methodologies rely strictly on a priori information; therefore they fail to utilize current engine state or health information for reducing conservatism and improving engine performance. NMPC is selected because it depends on a model that can be adapted to the current engine conditions, it can explicitly handle the nonlinearities, both input and output constraints of many variables, and determine the optimal control that will meet the requirements for any engine condition all in a single control formulation. A physics based component level model is developed as the heart of the architecture. The state or health of the engine is determined using a joint state and parameter estimator utilizing extended Kalman filter (EKF) techniques. With the necessary engine information in hand, a constrained NMPC is used to determine the optimal actuator commands. Results regarding steady state performance improvements are presented.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In