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Cortical Bone Periosteocytic Space Morphology Can Affect Osteocyte-Level Mass Flows and Shear Stresses

[+] Author Affiliations
S. Golan, D. Elata, U. Dinnar

Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel

Paper No. ESDA2008-59318, pp. 77-84; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/ESDA2008-59318
From:
  • ASME 2008 9th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis
  • Volume 2: Automotive Systems; Bioengineering and Biomedical Technology; Computational Mechanics; Controls; Dynamical Systems
  • Haifa, Israel, July 7–9, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: International
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4836-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3827-7
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

This work investigates the interstitial fluid flow through the osteocytic-lacunar-canalicular system of cortical bone. The study assumes that it is a dynamic environment that undergoes continuous morphological changes. The model employed is a typical canaliculus (an annular region filled with a gel-like matrix that has a characteristic external diameter of 200 nm and a characteristic length of 35 μm which connects two bone cells — osteocytes). Two canalicular morphological changes are investigated — local constrictions and permeability alterations. The continuity and Brinkman equations are solved for this model, analytically and numerically. The results indicate that pericellular morphology modifications can significantly alter mass flows and shear stresses around osteocytes. Similar mechanisms, if present in vivo, may lead to changes in solute fluxes and in the loads applied to the cells and affect the manner in which osteocytes perceive their environment, react and result in bone adaptation processes. Furthermore, they may provide further explanation to the fundamental paradox that the strains applied to whole bone (tissue-level) in vivo are much smaller than the strains necessary to activate bone-cell signaling in cell cultures.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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