0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Low Intensity Therapeutic Ultrasound Effect on Nano-Particle Motion in a Viscous Medium

[+] Author Affiliations
Natalya Mizrahi, Daphne Weihs, Eitan Kimmel

Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel

Paper No. ESDA2008-59245, pp. 63-67; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/ESDA2008-59245
From:
  • ASME 2008 9th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis
  • Volume 2: Automotive Systems; Bioengineering and Biomedical Technology; Computational Mechanics; Controls; Dynamical Systems
  • Haifa, Israel, July 7–9, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: International
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4836-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3827-7
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

While low intensity therapeutic ultrasound irradiation (LITUS) has been shown to have biological effects on tissue and cells, the physical mechanism leading to those effects has yet to be characterized. As a model system to study effects of LITUS on intracellular organelles, we monitor the dynamics of nanoparticles suspended in a viscoelastic medium, before and during LITUS treatment. Particle motion dynamics can indicate: i) forces acting on similarly-sized intracellular organelles; ii) streaming flow induced in cells and in cavities in contact with cells; and iii) instantaneous (under LITUS) changes in the mechanical properties of viscoelastic media in general and cells in particular. Forces and flow can result in shear stresses that act on the cell membrane of, e.g., endothelial cells in blood vessels and may cause biophysical responses. Particle motion in a high-viscosity, viscoelastic model solution, methyl cellulose, was used as an indicator for sample response under LITUS. The ultrasound-induced motion of nano-particles was quantified by real-time particle-tracking microrheology methods. Particle motion without LITUS irradiation demonstrated diffusive-like behavior with no underlying convection. In contrast, during LITUS irradiation convective motion with a particle-velocity profile parabolic in time was observed. Particles were accelerated after initiation of LITUS irradiation, then a transient phase of constant velocity was observed, and finally the speed was reduced. Altogether the results of the study indicate that LITUS may apply considerable direct forces on suspended particles, a model system for cellular organelles. More studying will help elucidate the mechanisms of LITUS effects. Extending this approach to cells in vitro and evaluating their response can promote the use of ultrasound as a therapeutic tool for delicate manipulation of cells in vivo in a controlled, targeted, and non-invasive way. At the same time, one can define the safety limits and optimal range for therapeutic and diagnostic ultrasound by indicating the threshold for irreversible intracellular changes.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In