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Performance and Economic Analysis of Double Pass Solar Air Collector

[+] Author Affiliations
Akhilesh Gupta, Ravi Kumar

IIT - Roorkee, Roorkee, UT, India

Bharat Ramani

ADIT - New Vallabh Vidyanagar, New Vallabh Vidyanagar, GJ, India

Paper No. ES2011-54707, pp. 243-248; 6 pages
  • ASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability
  • ASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, Parts A, B, and C
  • Washington, DC, USA, August 7–10, 2011
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5468-6
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


Solar collector is a type of heat exchanger which transfers solar radiation energy into the heat energy. Conventional solar air collectors have poor thermal efficiency primarily due to high heat losses and low convective heat transfer coefficient between the absorber plate and flowing air stream, leading to higher absorber plate temperature and greater thermal losses. Attempts have been made to improve the thermal performance of conventional solar air collectors by employing various design and flow arrangements. Double pass counter flow solar air collector with porous material in the second air passage is one of the important and effective design improvement that has been proposed to improve the thermal performance. This paper presents the performance and economic analysis of double pass solar air collector with and without porous material. Effects of various parameters on the thermal performance and pressure drop characteristics have been studied experimentally. The study concludes that double pass arrangement with porous material is economical and having short payback period. Also, the thermal performance of double pass solar air collector with porous material is significantly higher compared to double pass solar air collector without porous material and single pass arrangement.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME



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