Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

The Long-Term Environmental Degradation of Zirconium Alloys in Contact With Spent Nuclear Fuel: A Review

[+] Author Affiliations
Raul B. Rebak

GE Global Research, Schenectady, NY

Paper No. PVP2008-61272, pp. 209-214; 6 pages
  • ASME 2008 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 7: Operations, Applications and Components
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, July 27–31, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4830-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-3828-5
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


Zirconium (Zr) alloys were mostly developed for nuclear power applications. The most common commercial alloys are Zircaloy, which are used as cladding for fuel pellets in water-cooled reactors. These alloys have adequate corrosion resistance in service under irradiation in presence of high-purity water at approximately 300–350°C but in a few cases they may suffer environmental degradation. The most common types of degradation are hydriding, shadow corrosion and nodular corrosion. After the fuel rod bundles are removed from the reactors they are temporarily stored in water pools until their permanent disposition nuclear waste repositories. Simulated laboratory testing and modeling show that the long-term storage in the sealed containers would not cause further damage to the cladding material until the waste containers are breached by corrosion many thousands of years later. And even after water incursion, since the temperature will be low, it is predicted that the cladding material would survive for many thousands of years more, thus delaying the release of the radionuclides to the atmosphere.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In