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Experimental Evaluation of the Bending Load Effect on the Failure Pressure of Wall-Thinned Elbows

[+] Author Affiliations
Jin-Weon Kim

Chosun University, Gwangju, South Korea

Yeon-Soo Na

KHNP Nuclear Engineering and Technology Institute, Daejeon, South Korea

Sung-Ho Lee, Chi-Yong Park

Korea Electric Power Research Institute, Daejeon, South Korea

Paper No. PVP2008-61807, pp. 897-904; 8 pages
  • ASME 2008 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6: Materials and Fabrication, Parts A and B
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, July 27–31, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4829-6
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


During normal operating conditions, piping systems in nuclear power plants are subject to internal pressure and to bending loads induced by deadweight, thermal expansion, and internal pressure, and understanding the effect of bending load on the failure of wall-thinned elbows is important to evaluate the failure pressure reliably. This study includes a series of burst tests using real-scale 4-inch schedule 80 elbow specimens with local wall-thinning under combined internal pressure and in-plane bending load applied by displacement control. The results are compared with those tested under simple internal pressure only. In the tests, various circumferential thinning angles (θ/π = 0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0) and thinning locations (intrados, extrados, and full circumference) were considered. Each specimen was initially subjected to an in-plane bending load, closing mode for extrados wall-thinned elbows and opening mode for intrados wall-thinned elbows, and then internal pressure was applied up to point of final failure. The results showed that the effect of in-plane bending on the failure pressure and failure mode was minor under all wall-thinning conditions. In addition, the dependence of failure pressure on the circumferential thinning angle and thinning locations was identical to that observed under simple internal pressure.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME
Topics: Pressure , Stress , Failure



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