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Evaluation of Historical Longitudinal Seam Weld Failures in Grades 11, 12, and 22 Materials

[+] Author Affiliations
Marvin J. Cohn, Steve R. Paterson

Aptech Engineering Services, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA

Paper No. PVP2008-61245, pp. 733-743; 11 pages
  • ASME 2008 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6: Materials and Fabrication, Parts A and B
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, July 27–31, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4829-6
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


Since the catastrophic HEP seam weld failures of Mohave (1985) and Monroe (1986), electric power utilities have become more interested in developing and implementing examination and fitness-for-service evaluations of their HEP systems. At least 30 failures or substantial cracks in Grade 11 (1-1/4Cr – 1/2Mo), Grade 12 (1Cr – 1/2Mo) and Grade 22 (2-1/4 Cr – 1Mo) pipe longitudinal seam welds or clamshell welds have occurred from 1979 through 2000. This paper provides a statistical analysis of well-characterized Grade 11, Grade 12, and Grade 22 longitudinal seam weld failures or substantial cracks developed by long term creep rupture damage. Considering several applicable hoop stress parameters, linear regression analyses were performed to minimize scatter about a log stress versus Larson Miller Parameter (LMP) curve fit. Each of six applicable hoop stress equations was evaluated to determine the best fit stress space for the longitudinal seam weld failure data. These service experience industry data include pipe thicknesses ranging from 0.5 to 4.5 inches and failure times ranging from 71,000 to 278,000 hours.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME
Topics: Failure



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