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Welding Residual Stress Solutions for Dissimilar Metal Surge Line Nozzles Welds

[+] Author Affiliations
D. Rudland, T. Zhang, G. Wilkowski

Engineering Mechanics Corporation of Columbus, Columbus, OH

A. Csontos

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, D.C.

Paper No. PVP2008-61285, pp. 353-359; 7 pages
  • ASME 2008 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6: Materials and Fabrication, Parts A and B
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, July 27–31, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4829-6
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME and U.S. Government


During the last year, defects had been located by ultrasonic testing in three of the pressurizer nozzle dissimilar metal (DM) welds at the Wolf Creek nuclear power plant. Understanding welding residual stress is important in the evaluation of why and how these defects occur, which in turn helps to determine the reliability of nuclear power plants. The analysis procedure in this paper included not only the pass-by-pass welding steps, but also other essential fabrication steps of pressurizer surge nozzles. Detailed welding simulation analyses have been conducted to predict the magnitude of these stresses in the weld material. Case studies were carried out to investigate the influences to main weld stress fields with different boundary conditions, material strength, weld sequencing, as well as simulation of the remaining piping system stiffness. A direct comparison of these analysis methodologies and results has been made in this paper. Weld residual stress results from nuclear industry (conducted by Dominion Engineering, Inc.) and the US NRC (conducted by Engineering Mechanics Corporation) are also compared.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME and U.S. Government



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