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Residual Stress Relief in Post-Weld Heat Treatment

[+] Author Affiliations
Pingsha Dong, Jeong K. Hong

Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus, OH

Paper No. PVP2008-61210, pp. 321-329; 9 pages
  • ASME 2008 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6: Materials and Fabrication, Parts A and B
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, July 27–31, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4829-6


This paper focuses on analysis of weld residual stress relief process during furnace-based uniform post-weld heat treatment (PWHT). Two classes of pressure vessel steels: 2-1/4CrMo and carbon steel are considered in seam weld configurations. It is found that the dominant mechanism for residual stress relief is the creep relaxation that occurs much earlier during a PWHT cycle than typically expected. This phenomenon is further confirmed by experimental data. After a large number of parametric analyses of various PWHT parameters, a simple form of relationship is proposed for relating residuals stress relief to a set of PWHT parameters for the two classes of steels. These parameters include PWHT ramp-up heating time, PWHT holding time, PWHT holding temperature, and weldment thickness.



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