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Hydrogen Effects on the Burst Properties of Type 304L Stainless Steel Flawed Vessels

[+] Author Affiliations
Michael J. Morgan, Monica C. Hall, Poh-Sang Lam, W. Dean Thompson

Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC

Paper No. PVP2008-61777, pp. 229-233; 5 pages
  • ASME 2008 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6: Materials and Fabrication, Parts A and B
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, July 27–31, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4829-6
  • Copyright © 2008 by Washington Savannah River Company LLC


The effects of hydrogen and burst media on the burst properties of Type 304L stainless steel vessels were investigated. The purpose of the study was to compare the burst properties of hydrogen-charged stainless steel vessels burst with different media: water, helium gas, and deuterium gas. A second purpose was to provide data to improve an existing finite-element model for predicting burst behavior. Burst tests were conducted on hydrogen-charged and uncharged axially-flawed cylindrical vessels. The results indicate that samples burst pneumatically had lower volume ductility than those tested hydraulically. For pneumatic burst tests, samples burst with deuterium gas had slightly lower ductility than helium gas tests. For uncharged samples, burst pressure was not affected by burst media. For samples pre-charged with hydrogen, deuterium burst pressures were about 80% of the hydraulic or helium burst pressures. Hydrogen-charged samples had lower volume ductility and slightly higher burst pressures than uncharged samples. The results of the tests were used to verify and improve a previously developed predictive finite-element model. The existing finite-element model can qualitatively predict the expected changes in burst properties with hydrogen or tritium service, but a better material property database is required for quantitative predictions.

Copyright © 2008 by Washington Savannah River Company LLC



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